Mechanics of masonry structures without tensile strength
Research into the mechanical behaviour of masonry buildings and masonry has been very intensive for the last 15 to 20 years. This was due, on the one hand, to the social need to protect historical buildings and architectural heritage, and, on the other hand, to the recognition by researchers that there is a large gap between knowledge of steel and reinforced concrete structures and knowledge of the behaviour of masonry structures.
The aim of the research is to develop mechanical models of masonry material and masonry structures, mainly vaults, that can be used in everyday design practice. The methods will be usable for both historical and new buildings.
The models to be developed answer questions such as: Is the ruptured vault chin-like? Was the crack in the vault caused by its weight or other influence? What are the structural reasons for the change in size and type of vault in architectural styles?